January 23 , 2019
Dear Third Grade Families,
On February 15, 2019, third grade will spend the day at the old schoolhouse in Tubac Presidio State Historic Park located at 1 Burruel St, Tubac, AZ 85646. We will recreate a school day as it might have been in the year 1889. The students will assume the names and activities of actual 1880s – 1890s Tubac students.
Thank you to parent volunteers who signed up to drive. Drivers have the option of spending the day at the school house observing the children’s activities or taking the opportunity to visit Tubac on your own once the children have entered the school house.
The students encouraged to dress in period clothing. The girls may wear long skirts with blouses, or long dresses. The boys may wear long pants or denim jeans and a buttoned-down shirt. Several clothing items are available to borrow from Ms. Stalkfleet. T-shirts are not permitted, as they would have been considered underwear during the period being recreated. Acceptable accessories for the girls are straw hats, bonnets, hair ribbons, and shawls. Acceptable accessories for the boys are straw hats, suspenders, and neckerchiefs. If possible, students should not wear athletic shoes. Leather shoes or boots would be more appropriate. Additionally, all parents who signed-up to chaperone on this field trip are welcome to dress in period clothing as well.
Students and parents provide their own lunches. To create the most authentic experience, all foods should be wrapped in wax paper, cloth wrapping, or plain brown paper. Plastic wrap, baggies, and aluminum foil did not exist in 1889 and therefore should not be used. The lunch should be packed into a container such as a small metal bucket, plain brown paper bag, or a cloth bag/bandana. Please, no modern lunch boxes or plastic containers.
Suggestions for lunches:
Beef jerky Fresh vegetables
Bean burro Tamales
Jelly sandwich Biscuits
Refried beans Tortillas
Bacon sandwich Potato chips
Hard boiled eggs Cookies; oatmeal, molasses, raisin, sugar, gingerbread
Fresh fruit Hard candy
INFORMATION ON TUBAC SCHOOLHOUSE
Way back in 1877, the first school in Tubac was held in a store! There were about thirty children in school at one end of the store, and business was held as usual at the other end. The teacher was paid about $30.00 a month. At this time, most of the people who lived in Tubac were people that had been born in Mexico. The United States had only recently acquired this part of the country as part of the United States. It was not yet Arizona as we know it today, but a territory. The people who lived there were ranchers and also grew small amounts of crops such as tomatoes, chilies, and melons. All the homes were made of adobe just as the Presidio had been made in 1753.
The community of Tubac became a town in 1884, and everyone that lived there all worked together to build a school. While it was being built, the teacher taught the students in the hotel. The school was finished in 1885 and was made of adobe bricks. These were then covered with stucco and painted. By the time the school was finished, there were about forty-five students. Because just about all of the students were from families that were born in Mexico, there was a language class teaching the children proper Spanish. There were also classes in reading, arithmetic, grammar, history, and geography. There were a lot of rules, and the teacher was very strict. You could get swatted with a big stick for a lot of things. For example one licking, which means swatted, for girls and boys playing together, or three lickings for calling each other “íll names,” which means calling each other bad names.
Apaches raided the towns and ranches quite often back then. They would sneak in and grab cattle, sheep, crops, and sometimes children. It was pretty scary back then. Because of that, the people that lived in Tubac organized a group called the Tubac Scouts. This group protected the town’s residents from the Apaches.
In the year 1900, a change occurred. The Tubac School District had some name changes and district number changes along with teacher changes. Sarah and John Black had been the only teachers that the Tubac students had ever known before. They had taught there for fifteen years. But in 1889, John Black’s license to teach was taken away from him after he failed to answer a summons to appear before the board of examiners concerning charges of “unprofessional conduct.” So, the students got a new teacher, Miss Dell Johnson. She taught for two years. After that, the school had a new teacher every year until 1913. At that time, a teacher made about $80.00 a month. That’s about $2.66 a day.
The school house that you are going to be in was remodeled in 1907. An extra classroom and indoor plumbing, meaning a water faucet and toilet, were added. Before that, people had to go outside to the water pump for water and to the outhouse for the bathroom. By the year 1913, there were 65 students enrolled at this school and grades 1-3 were in one room and grades 4-8 in the other room.
Now, you know some of the interesting things about this old school house. Have fun while you pretend that you lived way back in 1885.
Sincerely, Ms. Stalkfleet and Mr. Gould
8:15 – 9:15 Travel to Tubac Presidio Historic State Park Schoolhouse
9:15 – 9:30 Students and parents walk one to two blocks to school yard
9:30 – 9:50 Students play in school yard, while supervised by parents / teachers inside setting up school room
9:50 – 10:00 Pledge and rules
10:00 – 10:15 DOL on front board
10:00 – 10:45 Reading / Writing / Poetry
10:45 – 11:15 Math / Facts on chalkboard
11:15 – 11:45 Spelling Test
11:45 – 12:45 Lunch
12:45 – 1:45 Story / Sketching / museum
1:45 – 2:45 Travel to St. Michael’s